Illumination in Sport
Inadequate or excessive lighting in a sports hall can not only severely damage athletic performance, but can lead to fractures, injuries, and sprains. To reduce the risk of injury, SanPiN rules regulate gym lighting. To date, the following types of lighting systems have been used in isolation:
- Work lighting includes all lighting devices that operate from the main power supply and provide comfortable and safe performance of sports work.
- Emergency lighting includes light fixtures driven by independent energy sources. These are necessary for the safe evacuation of people from the gym in an extreme situation, as well as for emergency lighting to prevent injuries to cyclists, skiers and swimmers in the event of a power outage during training.
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Light quality for sports halls
The prescribed values include the requirements of so-called “horizontal illumination” (amount of light per unit area) and “vertical illumination” (level of illumination anywhere in a given vertical). The rules of lighting vary depending on which game event the room is intended for. All lighting standards are attached to VSN 1-73, SNiP 2.08.02-89, SP 31-112-2004, SNiP 23-05 and 3.05.06 for sports facilities.
- For tennis and badminton, the horizontal illumination of the sports hall is at least 300 lux.
- For figure skating – at least 500
- For swimming – at least 150 lux
- Water polo – Pull at least 200 million water 100 million vertically
- Rowing – at least 100
- Wrestling – At least 200
- Athletics – at least 150
- Ping Pong – At least 400
- Chess – 150
- General Health Physical Training – 100
General rules for lighting in sports
* In rooms intended for team sports, all light sources must be protected with special grating.
* On the playground, lighting systems are mounted to the wall below the ceiling, as ordinary incandescent lamps are not able to provide an even distribution of light.
* Players like hockey, curling, football have to focus on the floor for a long time. Ceiling lights can be installed in rooms for such sports purposes.
* Running and cycling tracks, ski jumps and other sports tracks must be equipped with athlete-directed side lights.
* It doesn’t matter if it’s a small fitness club or a huge sports complex. Unfortunately, no one is immune from an emergency, so emergency lighting needs to be carefully considered in case of unplanned blackouts.
In the event that the gym can fit hundreds of people at the same time, emergency lighting must be provided from the generator. See also: Contact the ignition switch VAZ 2110 In case of evacuation, the cable path and stairs (at least 0.5 lux) should be illuminated. In the event of an emergency power outage, play tracks (bicycle and ski tracks, landing routes for parachuting, etc.) fall into the highest risk areas for injury. In the event of an accident, this national route must provide at least 5 lux of energy. Special rules apply to sports halls with stands for spectators (UP-2 PES).
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Fixtures for sports halls
It is not practical to use incandescent lamps for the gym. With this type of light, lots of extra shadows can be seen from the object. This makes the performance of the athletes worse. Yes, and this type of lamp consumes too much energy.
In a room for sports training, soft, diffused cold light should be provided (warm shaded lamps of light create comfort, but the motivation for sports diminishes quickly from them).
It is highly recommended to arrange a consistent lighting for the playground. For this purpose, it is necessary to use lamps with a control element (PRA), as well as a system of spotlights, for which you can zone the room and redirect the flow of light depending on the game.
Increased illumination leads to increased fatigue and decreased performance. But a fairly bright cold light contributes to the tone. ULIGHT experts will help you arrange the right lighting for the gym. They will select the appropriate LED fixtures and ensure their optimal placement.
Aim and purpose of fitness room lighting
Room lighting for fitness purposes should meet the following goals and objectives:
Achieve an enthusiastic atmosphere that becomes a stimulus for active training and physical activity (general illumination);
Security of visitors to the facility (development of emergency and eviction projects);
Forming a positive image of the sports center, creating its expressive and memorable image;
Zone zoning without the use of numerous structures that “eat” the usable area.
Light quality for sports halls
Sports lighting is subject to a number of applicable rules and regulations. First, the legal framework regulates the level of illumination of such objects. Statistics depend on many factors. The gym is the main sport that the spectators play. Legal framework VSN 1-73 “Ideal for electric lighting in sports facilities”, a guideline of SNiP 2.08.02-89 “Represented by documents such as indoor ice rink with design for sports halls, premises for physical education and recreation and artificial.” “Physical Training and Sports Hall”, SP 31-112-2004, as well as SNiP 23-05, SNiP 3.05.06.
Lighting requirements depending on the sport are as follows:
* 500 lux – figure skating, hockey, shooting;
* 400 lux – table tennis (ping-pong);
* 200 lux – acrobatics, aerobics, wrestling, boxing, fencing, sports and rhythmic gymnastics;
* 150 Lux – Weightlifting and Athletics, Physiotherapy Practice, Checkers and Chess.
You need to consider the requirements for other room lighting. Indicators are as follows: for lobbies – 150 lux, for showers and changing rooms – 75 lux.
If we talk about illuminating the area of the gym, which has a capacity of up to 800 spectators, then when preparing a lighting project, it is necessary to place one step higher indicators than those listed above. As a stand, 50 lux would be enough for them.
The school gym lights are arranged according to other rules. Thus, the floor line should be 200 lux, at a height of 2 meters – 75 lux. Lamp pulsation coefficient – not more than 20%.
GYM Light: Basic Principles
Creating the right lighting in the gym is not only important to ensure the effectiveness of the class. Overwork due to poor lighting, and its uneven distribution can cause attention loss and result in injury. Visual comfort is very important, if it is provided, the level of safety of athletes increases and fatigue does not occur so quickly.
When designing lighting in halls, it is important to follow the following principles:
Lamps used to make lights must have a protective cover that prevents damage to devices when any sports equipment enters;
Also, emergency lighting should be provided at sports facilities – both free-standing and fitness centers, located in schools. Its power supply runs from an additional network. Stair lighting should be at least 0.5 lux, sports facilities – at least 5 lux.
Selection of lighting equipment
For the gym, you need to take special equipment. The best solution would be to use LED lights on such sites. Excessive fascination with directional devices will lead to the appearance of unwanted glare on horizontal and vertical surfaces.
The best option for the gym for fitness and other training would be the use of devices with an opening angle of 120 degrees.
In the case of lighting, sports are a common mistake
The major mistakes in the implementation of such lighting projects are as follows:
Creating very strict directional light that gives shade and highlight;
Installation of devices with high vibration coefficient, use luminescent products, analogs with incandescent bulbs are not worth it, it is better to choose LED devices;
The chaotic position of the light source without precise consideration of the sports discipline.
What a switch for the gym
When it comes to sports, artificial lighting works
Does artificial light work in the gym:
Creating comfortable conditions for training and competition.
Reducing the risk of injury to athletes.
Provide a favorable environment for observers.
Emergency lighting and escape lighting from the building.
Creating an aesthetic image of the home and dividing it into functional areas.
The main requirement for artificial lighting in sports halls
Gym light quality
The main criterion for the quality of light in any facility, including a gym, is illumination. The unit of measurement is lx, which is equal to 1 unit of illuminated flux per 1 m2 of area of illuminated space.
If the sports hall does not have more than 800 reserved seats for city-wide and high-level competitions, the level of illumination of the facility increases one step.
The minimum illumination of the horizontal surface in the designated seat (including more than 800 seats) gym is at least 500 lux.
Specific lighting standards in gyms designed for a variety of sports:
100 lux – preparatory classes and general physical training.
150 lux – equestrian sport, athletics.
200 lux – wrestling, gymnastics, acrobatics, fencing.
300 lux – basketball, tennis, badminton, football, volleyball.
400 lux – table tennis.
500 lux – hockey, figure skating.