Hepatitis is primarily a liver disease. It is a type of viral infection. This causes inflammation in the liver. There are five types of hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. Most of its cases are related to bad habits and diet. 90% of cases of A&E are due to external eating only. Its types B and C are causing chronic diseases including liver cirrhosis, and cancer in millions of people.
- More than 4 crore people get infected with hepatitis every year due to contaminated food and water alone. This figure is according to the World Health Organization.
- Hepatitis does not show symptoms in 85% of patients, but there is damage to the liver.
- There are more than 10 crore patients in India who are victims of hepatitis, of which 4 crore are B and 6 crores are C.
Most of its cases get better on their own. It is spread through contaminated food, transfusion of infected blood, or unprotected contact. It also spreads from mother to newborn. Its symptoms are jaundice, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, fever, nausea, fatigue, diarrhea, etc.
Symptoms include fatigue, mild fever, headache, vomiting, abdominal pain, urine, dark yellow stools, etc. In most cases, there are no initial symptoms, but they also become severe. It can also be caused by sharing toothbrushes, razors, unprotected relationships, infected needles, or blood.
This is what causes liver cirrhosis and cancer. Symptoms include fatigue, jaundice, nausea, loss of appetite, abdominal swelling, and disordered thinking. It is spread through organ transplantation, transfusion of infected blood, razor toothbrush, etc. There can also be damage to the brain and nervous system.
Its symptoms are similar to hepatitis B but there is no vaccine for it. Others can also be at risk by coming in direct contact with the fluid released from the body of an infected person. About 5% of people with hepatitis B are also at risk of developing D.
According to the WHO, there are more than two crore cases of it every year. People aged 15 to 40 years and those with weak immunity are more prone to infection. Symptoms include jaundice, joint pain, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, liver enlargement, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, fever, etc.
What the report says:
According to the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the risk of alcohol consumption under the age of 15 is 4 times higher than by consuming alcohol at the age of 21. Consumption of alcohol is one of the main causes of hepatitis. Medicines also have side effects. Some medicines and alcohol have a direct effect on the liver. This causes inflammation in the liver. Liver damage starts due to this problem for a long time.
A diet like this:
Take more cauliflower, broccoli, beans, apples, onions, garlic, traditional spices, seasonal fruits, etc. Avoid rust and processed food, sweets, and alcohol. Eating too much chewing also reduces the pressure on the liver. Eat 4 to 6 meals in small quantities instead of at once.
Treatment according to the condition:
In acute hepatitis, taking only oral medicine for a few days gives relief. But in the case of chronic hepatitis, it is necessary to take medicines for a long time. If the liver is damaged then a liver transplant is also needed.
Also, keep this in mind:
Health-related measures like maintaining hand and surrounding hygiene, drinking clean water, sanitation, and availability of clean water to avoid exposure to the Hepatitis E virus require special attention. Boil water and drink it. Avoid consuming less cooked food. Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before consuming them.
How to defend:
To avoid hepatitis B and C, prevent its causes. Similarly, keep distance from outside food for A and E. Get vaccinated to keep children safe from it. Take care of hygiene. Do not share personal items such as razor toothbrushes and needles with others. If the ears pierce the nose, then do not let the infection happen. Drink clean water.