Face serums are an essential part of the skincare routine for anyone who is serious about skincare. These serums for face contain some active ingredients that help enhance our skin health, nourish the skin and treat certain skin concerns we may have. They may also help balance out our natural skin type, for example there are hydrating serums for those with naturally dry skin. Instead of being loaded with a large number of ingredients such as moisturisers or cleansers, a serum contains a few major skin actives that play a vital role in boosting skin health if used regularly. There are several types of serums for face based on their actions and ingredients:
1. Hydrating Serums:
These serums give your skin a moisturising boost and contain ingredients such as hyaluronic acid and ceramides that help lock in moisture for a longer duration and make your skin soft, elastic and hydrated. Hyaluronic acid acts as a humectant and draws in water from the surroundings to keep your skin moisturised, which is why you must apply it in a humid environment. However, it is recommended to apply it in combination with a moisturiser to lock in the hydration for a long time.
2. Brightening Serums:
These serums tend to even out your skin tone and give your face a natural glow. They usually contain the cult favourite ingredient, vitamin C which boosts skin health with its antioxidant properties and keeps the skin younger and elastic by stimulating collagen production. These serums are not only used for obtaining glowing skin, but also to get rid of hyperpigmentation and discoloration. Along with vitamin C, niacinamide can also be an active ingredient which helps fade dark spots and evens out skin tone.
3. Exfoliating Serums:
Exfoliation is necessary to get rid of dead skin cells and promote healthy new skin cells to replace them. It makes your skin less prone to breakouts and improves skin texture by making it soft and supple. You can use physical exfoliants, such as various types of scrubs, but they may be too harsh on those with sensitive skin and cannot be used as regularly. If not used gently and properly, they may lead to micro tears in the skin. This is why chemical exfoliants such as alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs), beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs) and poly-hydroxy acids (PHAs). Glycolic acid is a popular AHA, salicylic acid is a commonly used BHA and gluconolactone a PHA, all of which are involved in clearing dead cells and reducing blackheads, clogged pores and blemishes.
4. Depigmentation Serums:
Many people have skin concerns associated with hyperpigmentation, blemishes and dark spots in certain areas of their face. These acne and pigmentation serums for face contain ingredients like alpha arbutin and niacinamide, which naturally reduce blemishes and dark spots from the face and give a brighter, smoother and even oned skin.
There are a wide range of face serums available online for your specific skin concerns. All you have to do is choose carefully which skincare active suits you best and is necessary to treat your concerns. Also, avoid overuse of several active ingredients at the same time as this can cause inflammation and abnormal skin reactions.