Causes, Prevention and Symptoms of Cancer: Best Tips to Reduce Risk 2021
Caution and awareness will keep cancer away
World Cancer Day is celebrated every year on 4 February. There is no dearth of people in the country and the world who are leading a normal life by beating cancer. If cancer is detected at an early stage, it can be completely cured. That is why it is important to have knowledge related to the symptoms of cancer and to diagnose the misconceptions related to cancer.
Causes of Cancer:
Cancer is usually caused by genetic changes. Environment lifestyle and pollution are the main reasons for this. Among this lifestyle is one reason which can be completely controlled by us.
About 50% of cancers are caused by tobacco use. Lung, breast cancer due to smoking, khaini, zarda, double, gutka and paan cancer of mouth and throat, cancer of esophagus and stomach due to alcohol, breast cancer due to western food (in which carbohydrate fat content is high) It is possible. Apart from this, people who lead a sluggish and inactive life and those who have obesity problems are also more prone to cancer.
Some cancers such as cervical cancer in women are caused by human papillomavirus infection, which is caused by unprotected sex. Liver cancer is caused by the hepatitis virus (which spreads through the blood). What are colon cancer, its symptoms, and its causes?
Identifying symptoms of cancer:
The early symptoms of cancer are like common diseases, they are very easy to recognize. Let us know which are the symptoms of cancer that can be easily recognized-
- Such as ulcers or wounds that do not heal for more than 2 weeks.
- Lumps or small tumors in the body that increase in size or cause pain over time.
- Cold, hot feeling in the mouth, chills.
- Loss of appetite, weight loss.
- Not getting the taste of food.
- Pain in the internal parts of the body, bleeding.
- There may be symptoms of cancer such as breathlessness.
- Apart from this, excessive gas formation and acidity can be a symptom of gallbladder and stomach cancer because its symptoms are like common diseases, so if there is no relief in 2 to 3 weeks, then the advice of a cancer specialist should be taken.
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Cancer prevention and precautions:
The most important precaution to prevent cancer is not to consume tobacco and alcohol. Those who are addicted to it should first quit it. Apart from this, dust and smoke should be protected. To lead a fulfilling, agile and active life-
- Walk in the morning and exercise for half an hour every day.
- Include green vegetables and fruits in the diet.
- Reduce non-vegetarian food.
- Keep cleanliness around the house and drink healthy water.
- It is important to avoid tobacco use.
- About 50% of cancers are caused by tobacco use.
Apart from this, many other problems are also there in it. One of these is the reduced opening of the mouth. This is called sub-mucous fibrosis. It is most visible in the hair after eating gutka. In this, the opening of the mouth starts decreasing gradually and over time it becomes so small that it is difficult to get a finger in the mouth. Apart from eating and drinking, it also makes it difficult to keep the mouth clean. Teeth become damaged and the risk of getting cancer increases.
The consequences of tobacco use are fatal and even after treatment for cancer, life becomes difficult, even if life is saved, then the problem of eating and drinking can remain for the whole life.
Early detection makes treatment easier:
Cancer prevention is the best. In the stage of cancer, it is completely cured in the first and second stages in the beginning. In the fourth stage, treatment is possible but the disease is not cured. For this reason, it is important to catch cancer at an early stage. So that it can be completely cured after treatment.
Initially, cancer is treated only through surgery or surgery. It also reduces the cost of treatment. In government hospitals like BHU, the cost of surgery comes to just Rs 6000. But in the advanced stage of the disease, chemotherapy or immune therapy is also given, which is very expensive. In this stage, it takes up to 5 – 10 lakhs for the treatment of cancer. That is, the treatment which is possible in the beginning is possible in 50 thousand. He doesn’t get it even after spending 10 lakhs.
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Take away the illusion:
There are many misconceptions about cancer, which need to be cleared. In the treatment of cancer, a small piece of tissue is sent for examination by biopsy. To confirm cancer. There is a misconception that iron causes flooding of wounds and the spread of cancer. While it is not so at all. A biopsy is a very small test that does not remove the entire tumor.
This type of confusion spreads because if the entire tumor is not removed by surgery and some part of it remains inside the body, then there is a possibility of cancer recurrence. In such a situation, both this therapy and chemo are used.
Better care may reduce cancer mortality:
- Researchers from the University of Birmingham and Edinburgh in Britain made the claim.
- There is a strong link between patients’ health and standards of care.
- Proper care is essential after cancer surgery.
Cancer is a disease that causes the highest number of deaths worldwide every year. For its effective treatment, scientists around the world are constantly doing research. In its link, an international study has claimed that a cancer patient’s chances of survival depend on how he is treated in the hospital after surgery. It is also called post-operative hospital care.
A study led by an Indian-origin British expert from the University of Birmingham, UK, found that there is a strong correlation between the standard of care after surgery and the health of cancer patients, which determines the patient’s survival. What is the probability of
Dr. from NIHR Global Health Research University at Birmingham University said that post-operative hospital facilities differ from country to country. Healthcare infrastructure is poor in low- and middle-income countries. Patients living in such countries are 6 times more likely to die within 30 days of surgery-related problems than patients in high-income countries.
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The doctor said that our findings show that there is a need to strengthen post-operative hospital facilities in most countries. Fixing it will definitely benefit the people as well as the economy of the country. For this, the authorities and service providers are urged to examine their system and try to improve them as much as necessary so that the statistics of cancer deaths can be reduced.
In this study, researchers from the University of Birmingham and Edinburgh examined data from about 16,000 patients from 428 hospitals in 82 countries. She had breast and colon cancer surgery between April 2018 and January 2019.
There is a need to strengthen the infrastructure:
The researchers said surgery is an important part of the cancer treatment process. In most cases, this increases the patient’s chances of recovery by up to 80 percent. But this is possible only if the patient is properly taken care of. The study found that colon cancer patients in low- and middle-income countries were 3 times more likely to die after surgery than those in high-income countries. In the case of colon cancer, it was found to be 4 times more. But no significant difference was found in breast cancer cases between fair-medium and low-income countries.
The professor at the University of Edinburgh said that rich countries also have seven good health facilities with good surgeons. But in poor countries, along with poor infrastructure, there is also a severe lack of primary facilities. It needs to be fixed.
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